Les listes de commandes de Kali Linux

apropos: Search Help manual pages (man -k)
apt-get: Search for and install software packages (Debian)
aptitude: Search for and install software packages (Debian)
aspell:  Spell Checker
awk:  Find and Replace text, database sort/validate/index
basename: Strip directory and suffix from filenames
bash: GNU Bourne-Again SHell
bc: Arbitrary precision calculator language
bg: Send to background
break: Exit from a loop
builtin: Run a shell builtin
bzip2: Compress or decompress named file(s)

cal: Display a calendar
case: Conditionally perform a command
cat: Concatenate and print (display) the content of files
cd : Change Directory
cfdisk: Partition table manipulator for Linux
chgrp: Change group ownership
chmod: Change access permissions
chown: Change file owner and group
chroot: Run a command with a different root directory
chkconfig: System services (runlevel)
cksum: Print CRC checksum and byte counts
clear: Clear terminal screen
cmp: Compare two files
comm: Compare two sorted files line by line
command: Run a command - ignoring shell functions
continue: Resume the next iteration of a loop
cp: Copy one or more files to another location
cron: Daemon to execute scheduled commands
crontab: Schedule a command to run at a later time
csplit: Split a file into context-determined pieces
cut: Divide a file into several parts

date: Display or change the date & time
dc: Desk Calculator
dd: Convert and copy a file, write disk headers, boot records
ddrescue: Data recovery tool
declare: Declare variables and give them attributes
df: Display free disk space
diff: Display the differences between two files
diff3: Show differences among three files
dig: DNS lookup
dir: Briefly list directory contents
dircolors: Colour setup for `ls'
dirname: Convert a full pathname to just a path
dirs: Display list of remembered directories
dmesg: Print kernel & driver messages
du: Estimate file space usage

echo: Display message on screen
egre: Search file(s) for lines that match an extended expression
eject: Eject removable media
enable: Enable and disable builtin shell commands
env: Environment variables
ethtool: Ethernet card settings
eval: Evaluate several commands/arguments
exec: Execute a command
exit: Exit the shell
expect: Automate arbitrary applications accessed over a terminal
expand: Convert tabs to spaces
export: Set an environment variable
expr: Evaluate expressions

false: Do nothing, unsuccessfully
fdformat: Low-level format a floppy disk
fdisk: Partition table manipulator for Linux
fg: Send job to foreground
fgrep: Search file(s) for lines that match a fixed string
file: Determine file type
find: Search for files that meet a desired criteria
fmt: Reformat paragraph text
fold: Wrap text to fit a specified width.
for: Expand words, and execute commands
format: Format disks or tapes
free: Display memory usage
fsck: File system consistency check and repair
ftp: File Transfer Protocol
function: Define Function Macros
fuser: Identify/kill the process that is accessing a file

gawk: Find and Replace text within file(s)
getopts: Parse positional parameters
grep: Search file(s) for lines that match a given pattern
groupadd: Add a user security group
groupdel: Delete a group
groupmod: Modify a group
groups: Print group names a user is in
gzip: Compress or decompress named file(s)

hash: Remember the full pathname of a name argument
head: Output the first part of file(s)
help: Display help for a built-in command
history: Command History
hostname: Print or set system name

iconv: Convert the character set of a file
id: Print user and group id's
if: Conditionally perform a command
ifconfig: Configure a network interface
ifdown: Stop a network interface
ifup: Start a network interface up
import: Capture an X server screen and save the image to file
install: Copy files and set attributes

jobs: List active jobs
join: Join lines on a common field

kill: Stop a process from running
killall: Kill processes by name

less: Display output one screen at a time
let: Perform arithmetic on shell variables
ln: Create a symbolic link to a file
local: Create variables
locate: Find files
logname: Print current login name
logout: Exit a login shell
look: Display lines beginning with a given string
lpc: Line printer control program
lpr: Off line print
lprint: Print a file
lprintd: Abort a print job
lprintq: List the print queue
lprm: Remove jobs from the print queue
ls: List information about file(s)
lsof: List open files

ln: Create a symbolic link to a file
local: Create variables
locate: Find files
logname: Print current login name
logout: Exit a login shell
look: Display lines beginning with a given string
lpc: Line printer control program
lpr: Off line print
lprint: Print a file
lprintd: Abort a print job
lprintq: List the print queue
lprm: Remove jobs from the print queue
ls: List information about file(s)
lsof: List open files

make: Recompile a group of programs
man: Help manual
mkdir: Create new folder(s)
mkfifo: Make FIFOs (named pipes)
mkisofs: Create an hybrid ISO9660/JOLIET/HFS filesystem
mknod: Make block or character special files
more: Display output one screen at a time
mount: Mount a file system
mtools: Manipulate MS-DOS files
mtr: Network diagnostics (traceroute/ping)
mv: Move or rename files or directories
mmv: Mass Move and rename (files)

netstat: Networking information
nice: Set the priority of a command or job
nl: Number lines and write files
nohup: Run a command immune to hangups
notify-send: Send desktop notifications
nslookup: Query Internet name servers interactively

open: Open a file in its default application
op: Operator access

passwd: Modify a user password
paste: Merge lines of files
pathchk: Check file name portability
ping: Test a network connection
pkill: Stop processes from running
popd: Restore the previous value of the current directory
pr: Prepare files for printing
printcap: Printer capability database
printenv: Print environment variables
printf: Format and print data
ps: Process status
pushd : Save and then change the current directory
pwd: Print Working Directory

quota: Display disk usage and limits
quotacheck: Scan a file system for disk usage
quotactl: Set disk quotas

ram: ram disk device
rcp: Copy files between two machines
read: Read a line from standard input
readarray: Read from stdin into an array variable
readonly: Mark variables/functions as readonly
reboot: Reboot the system
rename: Rename files
renice: Alter priority of running processes
remsync: Synchronize remote files via email
return: Exit a shell function
rev: Reverse lines of a file
rm: Remove files
rmdir: Remove folder(s)
rsync: Remote file copy (Synchronize file trees)

screen: Multiplex terminal, run remote shells via ssh
scp: Secure copy (remote file copy)
sdiff: Merge two files interactively
sed: Stream Editor
select: Accept keyboard input
seq: Print numeric sequences
set: Manipulate shell variables and functions
sftp : Secure File Transfer Program
shift: Shift positional parameters
shopt: Shell Options
shutdown: Shutdown or restart linux
sleep: Delay for a specified time
slocate: Find files
sort: Sort text files
source: Run commands from a file `.'
split: Split a file into fixed-size pieces
ssh: Secure Shell client (remote login program)
strace: Trace system calls and signals
su: Substitute user identity
sudo: Execute a command as another user
sum: Print a checksum for a file
suspend: Suspend execution of this shell
symlink: Make a new name for a file
sync: Synchronize data on disk with memory
tail: Output the last part of file
tar: Tape ARchiver
tee: Redirect output to multiple files
test: Evaluate a conditional expression
time: Measure Program running time
times: User and system times
touch: Change file timestamps
top: List processes running on the system
traceroute: Trace Route to Host
trap: Run a command when a signal is set(bourne)
tr: Translate, squeeze, and/or delete characters
true: Do nothing, successfully
tsort: Topological sort
tty: Print filename of terminal on stdin
type: Describe a command
ulimit: Limit user resources
umask: Users file creation mask
umount: Unmount a device
unalias: Remove an alias
uname: Print system information
unexpand: Convert spaces to tabs
uniq: Uniquify files
units: Convert units from one scale to another
unset: Remove variable or function names
unshar: Unpack shell archive scripts
until: Execute commands (until error)
uptime: Create new user account
userdel: Delete a user account
usermod: Modify user account
users: List users currently logged in
uuencode: Encode a binary file
uudecode: Decode a file created by uuencode

v: Verbosely list directory contents (`ls -l -b')
vdir: Verbosely list directory contents (`ls -l -b')
vi : Text Editor
vmstat: Report virtual memory statistics
wait: Wait for a process to complete
watch: Execute/display a program periodically
wc: Print byte, word, and line counts
whereis: Search the user's $path, man pages and source files for a program
which: Search the user's $path for a program file
while: Execute commands
who: Print all usernames currently logged in
whoami : Print the current user id and name (`id -un')
wget: Retrieve web pages or files via HTTP, HTTPS or FTP
write: Send a message to another user
xargs: Execute utility, passing constructed argument list(s)
xdg-open: Open a file or URL in the user's preferred application.
yes: Print a string until interrupted

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